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Fog networking, also recognized as fog computing, is a distributed computing arrangement in which computing resources and application devices are spread in the most logical way. The objective of fog networking is to improve proficiency and decrease the amount of data that needs to be released to the cloud for data handling, analysis and storing. This is mostly done for efficiency reasons; however, it may also be carried out for compliance and security reasons.

Fog Networking Working Mechanism

In a fog-networking environment, most of the execution takes place in a data centre on a smart mobile device or on the gateway device or on the edge of the network in a smart router. This distributed technique is growing in popularity due to the Internet of Things (IoT) and the huge amount of data that sensors create. It is simply wasteful to transmit all the data a pack of sensors generates to the cloud for execution and analysis; doing so needs a great part of bandwidth and the cloud can adversely affect efficiency. Even though latency may simply be irritating when the sensors are part of a gaming and delays in data broadcasting can be dangerous if the sensors are included in vehicle-to-vehicle messaging system or large-scale circulated control system for railway.

Fog Networking an Evolution

Fog Computing signifies an exceptionally important evolution in Cloud Computing and in computing as a whole. Its appearance highlights the ascendance of a decentralized mode of computing that is more elastic and responsive than the outdated centralized model. Such agility and elasticity are essential with Big Data submissions taking the type of the IoT and its low or no expectancy needs. Fog Computing may not ascertain a solution for the exclusive demands of the IoT and the unstoppable movement towards mobile computing. However, it at least identifies and tries to address many of the restrictions of centralized models that only fascinate more and more traffic with less bandwidth and networking skills. It provides a feasible architectural solution to these anxieties, which may even progress in the near future.

Internet of Things (IoT)

The Internet of things is the internetworking of tangible devices and vehicles (also known as smart devices and connected devices) and other item fixed with software, electronics, sensors, and network connectivity that allows these devices to exchange and collect data. In 2013 the Global Standards Initiative declared the IoT as the structure of the information place. The IoT lets the objects to be sensed or measured remotely across standing network infrastructure, making opportunities for more direct addition of the physical world into computer-based systems, and causing in improved productivity, and economic profit. When IoT is mixed with sensors, the technology becomes a case of the more general class of cyber-physical devices. It also includes technologies such as smart grids, intelligent transportation, smart cities and smart homes. Each thing is exclusively distinguishable through its embedded computing system, but is able to correlate within the existing Internet set-up. Tech experts feel that the IoT will contain almost 50 billion devices by 2020.

Typically, IoT is likely to offer advanced connectivity of systems, services that goes outside machine-to-machine communications and wraps a variety of protocols, and domains. The interconnection of these fixed devices is likely to accompany in computerization in all fields, while also permitting innovative applications like a smart grid, and growing to the areas such as smart cities.

Benefits of Fog Computing

1.) Monitoring of Data

Fog computing can allow organizations to monitor that device at the source via predictive analytics and real-time. Most of the technique will reveal that the equipment is working as planned. Excessive amounts of data are handled at the source without constraining an organization’s network devices by sending that data back and forth to a data center.

2.) Security of Data

The less distance and less frequently that data has to travel, the more safe and secure it is. Moreover, there are strict controlling requirements about where data is stored and opened (which vary by country and industry).

3.) Accelerate Data Fast

By executing data closer to its destination, Fog Computing can considerably accelerate computations and processes, letting organizations to go from near real-time executing speeds to true real-time execution. Again, the propagation of mobile devices and demands expected for the IoT make time a critical module of service delivery and customer happiness. IoT applications like the vehicle to vehicle communication need the smallest amount of latency as possible.

4.) Low Cost

The bandwidth essential for regularly transferring decentralized data (that could generate from anywhere in the country or in the continent) to centralized locations is costly and can create blockages as various enterprises apply cases for those resources. Fog Computing needs significantly less transferring of data that frees up the network for other uses.

Cloud Networking Vs Fog Networking

Cloud Computing, is referred as a group of electronic devices and computers connected to each other over the Internet to form a vast network. Today, large organizations and many enterprises are beginning to accept the Internet of Things, the requirement for large amounts of data to be retrieved more quickly, is ever-growing. That is why the concept of “Fog Networking” comes to the party.

Fog networking, or “fogging”, is basically a distributed infrastructure in which some application processes or services are done at the edge of the network by a smart gadget, but others are still controlled in the cloud. It is, basically, a middle layer stuck between the cloud and the hardware to permit more well-organized data handling, and analysis, which is accomplished by dropping the amount of data that needs to be transported to the cloud.

Flaws with Fog Networking

1.) Physical locality

There are many experts who would claim that the whole point of developing the Cloud is to access data and computing resources from anyplace, irrespective of physical location. Even if Fog Computing simply functions as a more collective way of determining which data becomes centralized and which remains local, some observe that the restrictions of the latter are disadvantageous in terms of usage.

2.) Cyber Attacks

Security has long been observed as the weakness of the Cloud, but with the amount of progresses in this space within the several years, doubts of security really arises in the mind. Numerous organizations feel more secure having their data in a centralized location somewhat in remote and different ones. The former option can aggravate Data Governance when measured on a global scale.

3.) Confusion

There is also the perception that simplifying Fog Computing simply adds to the number of Cloud options (cloudlets, private, public, hybrids, etc.) and is unnecessarily confusing architecture that is already difficult enough. Possibly, such experts would express the same opinion about the IoT in overall.


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