Home » Alerts » Website Security Issues You Need to be Aware Of

Advancements in digital technology are not only bringing the convenience for the computer users, but they are also simplifying the daily life of many users.  However, along with the convenience, risks are also increasing and over the past few years, cyber attacks are noticed in vogue. In the online world, cyber crimes are increasing at an alarming rate.  Hackers and cyber criminals have been smart in using the known vulnerabilities.

Hackers trade on the known vulnerabilities in third-party software to target users’ devices, website and web server to use them for their advantage. They may do it to deface your website, trade on your confidential information (personal and professional), or with the intention to hijack your server resources for executing illegal activities.

To strengthen your website software, some simple tips are given that you can leverage:

Strong Passwords

Use unique and complex passwords, because one weakest link is enough to break the chain. It is not only important to use strong passwords for admin areas, but also important for other accounts. All users need to take care of the security of all of their accounts.

If one account is hacked, it may be responsible for the hacking of another account including admin. Use long strings of characters, special characters, and digits to avoid quick password guesses.

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XSS or Cross Site Scripting

XSS occurs when a cyber criminal or hacker alters scripting code into a web form or url, and run their written malicious code for stealing passwords or other data and to change the visitor’s experience while one is navigating the website.

XSS may also be of obdurate nature, where a hacker may manipulate a specific web page and display it as a login screen to the visitors.

DoS or Denial of Service Attack

Denial of Service (DoS) or Distributed Denial of Service (DDos) attacks are one of the most annoying attacks because hackers don’t need expert skill and huge investment to perform such attacks. They can easily bombard a victim website with millions of requests, and make them look like as if they are sent by legit users.

Hackers flood your website with a huge number of requests which eventually become a reason of crashing the web server, and make the site offline. Once the site is offline, it requires manual intervention to bring it online again.

SQL Injection

SQL injection is a way of manipulating the database of the user by using a web form field or URL parameter. Almost all web platforms have a database and usually open source CMS platforms are responsible for maintaining dynamic aspects of the website in database.

Code Injection

Websites with missing proper client and server side form validation along with file upload capability can be dangerous. The risk become more if the site allow to upload file is because uploaded file could include a script that may be leveraged as root-kit ie. administrator access to your website.

Missing form validation on simple form fields may leave the scope for malicious code being inserted into the database, and ultimately it could lead undesirable results in your website.

Brute-force Attack

As weak passwords are prone to get hacked easily so hackers use Brute-force attack methods to crack your passwords. Brute-force attacks are trial-n-error methods for guessing username and password of the users. Once hackers successfully crack user’s details, they may temporary block IP and accounts, and multi-factor authentication so that they can perform such attacks more easily.

Unencrypted Channel

An unencrypted channel leaves the scope of man-in-middle attack to steal user’s information. For the security of your personal information, use security certificate SSL, whenever transmitting personal information between web server and the website and/or database.

Debug Mode on Production Server

Enabling debug mode on the live production server dumps extensive error logs to the browser. Hackers use these error logs for performing illicit activities like obtaining valuable information about the software that webserver use. To minimize and delay the attacks, it’s crucial to hide as much internal information as possible about server.

No Backup Plan

Even the smartest users can be trapped no matter how much vigilant and aware they are, because hackers and attackers always try to find loopholes to doom your website. Along with prevention, it’s better to have a backup-restore plan.

 Update Old Software Versions

Keeping all software updated secure your site. If you keep your server operating system and other software (your website is running on) up-to-date, it won’t be easy for the attackers and hackers to target your website. Hacker can’t target you until any security holes are found in software.